Urban Interventions in ANURADHAPURA CITY REGION
The Anuradhapura Integrated Urban Development Project (AIUDP) had been implemented under the Strategic Cities Development Programme as one of the integrated urban development projects which would be implemented with a Credit Facility from the French Agency for Development (AFD). The principle aim of the Project is to include a balanced growth and co-development between the sacred and the new town of Anuradhapura, which would leverage the cultural heritage of the city with an economic driver. The preliminary sector assessment that was undertaken jointly between the French Agency for Development (AFD) and Strategic Cities Development Programme in 2015 identified, three (03) key objectives that were complementary to Anuradhapura’s important and rich cultural heritage, including the presence of an ancient complex irrigation system, enabling the initial development of the area. Accordingly, the primary objective would l be supported by specific actions that will achieve:
01. Environmental conservation through investments in urban drainage. Adopting, an integrated urban drainage approach which is important and should be looked at in parallel with other sectors, such as solid waste management, roads and education campaigns/programmes.
02. Improved urban mobility that is cognizant to the different needs of site users – the three (03) different types of users: i.e. local communities, pilgrims and tourists, may require different transport modes. It will be important to consider the transitionary nature of development and solutions that may offer quick solutions while longer and more structural changes are implemented; and
03. Strengthened urban and heritage management and promotion of Anuradhapura’s tourism potential. Balancing the development pressure between the land uses which is a key challenge in Anuradhapura and other urban development areas in general. Adopting a participatory consultation approach which would be important to understand the practical day to day realities for users of the city and its hinterland, so as to be fully informed of ‘hot spots’ or contentious areas plus those areas that offer development opportunities for wider groups of users.
It would also be possible to implement the AIUDP in the most productive manner through the participation and partnership of all related stakeholders in Anuradhapura..
The direct benefits of the investment would be the flood risk management through Urban Drainage Improvements, provision of infrastructure facilities for public transport improvement and traffic management, enhancing of the quality of public space in the city and strengthening of the urban and heritage management practices along with improvements to tourist attractions in the Anuradhapura City. The project implementation would be carried out in close collaboration with the Government Agent, North Central Provincial Council, Urban Development Authority, Anuradhapura Municipal Council, Department of Archaeology, Department of Irrigation and other relevant project partner agencies.
The Project will be implemented over a period of 05 years, commencing from November 2016 and the total investment of the project would be USD70 Million.
Improvement of Urban Drainage and Storm Water Management
Urban drainage rehabilitation focusing on road-side storm water drains on secondary roads and core canals as per the recommendations of the drainage master plan study (to be prepared under the project), to address key hydraulic locks in Anuradhapura City.
Improve mobility in both the Sacred & Modern Cities
Completing and Commissioning of the new bus stand in order to improve its operations, accessibility and inter-modality with other public transport systems which are in operation.
Develop and implement selected elements of a traffic management strategy, particularly related to circulation management and on-street / off-street parking facilities.
Urban Upgrading & Public Space Enhancement
Urban upgrading and traffic improvement layouts of key axes in the Modern city and of key access roads to the sacred city.
Enhancing the quality of public spaces within the sacred city.
Developing services for pilgrims & tourists through amenities in both Modern & Sacred city.
Institutional Capacity Building
The Project includes a dedicated capacity-building component, based on the outcome of studies on local constraints linked to asset management and maintenance.