Road rehabilitation for the safe passage of vehicles and pedestrians: Improvements to the public transport network to reduce overcrowding of buses within the city core may also require some reorganization of the city’s key transport infrastructure, such as establishing an integrated, multi-modal transport hub, transport facilities outside the city at appropriate locations, a revised bus network, enhanced services and bus priority measures on selected main routes. Traffic control measures could also be put in place for the improvement of pedestrian-friendliness, such as migrating on-street car parking to off-street facilities; setting up of a traffic management regime and prioritizing public transport and pedestrians within the city. Investments in by-pass roads and public transport infrastructure would be supported with traffic management plans.
The Kandy Municipal Water Supply System is currently unable to meet the demands of the KMC area and supplemented by National Water Supply and Drainage Board (NWSDB) facilities. In addition, KMC facilities, though well-managed, consists of aging infrastructure which had been upgraded in the early 1980s. Today, distribution network experiences frequent ruptures and leakages, resulting in a significant amount of Non-Revenue Water (NRW). Therefore, it is proposed to rehabilitate the intake and treatment plant at Getambe as well as Dunumadalawa, to augment the supply and improve its storage, replace selected connections, pumping mains and distribution lines to reduce NRW. Other nonstructural measures to improve system efficiency would also be introduced.
The city is served by an open canal system and an old brick-lined underground tunnel which had been built over 150 years ago to carry storm water from the city to an open stream. Due to the frequent collapse of the underground drain system which is a threat to the public, the rehabilitation and strengthening of the storm water drainage system would be expedited.
Strategic plan to rapidly develop key areas of the city core was used as the basis of selecting urban upgrading interventions to be implemented using a phased approach. These include walkability enhancements by reorganizing and improving pedestrian networks, creating public spaces and improving traffic management within the city, around the lake and surrounding hillsides. There are also an opportunities to further enhance and transform the overall urban environment of Kandy city center by reconfiguring larger plots of land and buildings at key areas to create attractive public spaces and facilities anchored by cultural and heritage uses that residents and visitors could enjoy. To complement these investments and guide future interventions, the project will support the development of detailed urban development plans for key areas and an integrated master plan for the city region. Kandy is home to numerous historic buildings and landmarks within the city core (such as the Post Office building and Bogambara prisons) and within the temple and palace grounds. However, the pressures of urbanization are taking their toll, while many of the buildings, especially those within the city, are in a state of deterioration. Selected historic buildings and landmarks could also be restored for adaptive reuse under the project. These buildings would play a key role in improving the quality of the surrounding streets and public spaces. Restoration of these buildings would also form part of the urban development plans for key areas, as well as the integrated master plan for the city region.