The Strategic Cities Development Project is an Government Initiative under the Ministry of Megapolis and Western Development with Sri Lanka’s urban vision to develop the secondary cities as a system of competitive, environmentally sustainable and well -linked cities in a bid to foster economic growth and prosperity. In each city region the project will targeted two broad categories of strategic investments such as Integrated urban services improvement and public urban space enhancements which enhancing the functional aspects of the city as well as the attractiveness and livability of the city.
The world bank embarks on the first phase of this Programme with interventions in Kandy Gall and Jaffna cities
Under the Kandy city region, urban interventions of the Project aims to support priority infrastructure investments in the Kandy city to improve connectivity, achieve significant urban transformation and to support economic growth in Kandy city region and also improve the overall livability and investment attractiveness of the Kandy city region through the following activities:
Road rehabilitation for the safe passage of vehicles and pedestrians: Improvements to the public transport network to reduce overcrowding of buses within the city core may also require some reorganization of the city’s key transport infrastructure, such as establishing an integrated, multi-modal transport hub, transport facilities outside the city at appropriate locations, a revised bus network, enhanced services and bus priority measures on selected main routes. Traffic control measures could also be put in place for the improvement of pedestrian-friendliness, such as migrating on-street car parking to off-street facilities; setting up of a traffic management regime and prioritizing public transport and pedestrians within the city. Investments in by-pass roads and public transport infrastructure would be supported with traffic management plans.
The Kandy Municipal Water Supply System is currently unable to meet the demands of the KMC area and supplemented by National Water Supply and Drainage Board (NWSDB) facilities. In addition, KMC facilities, though well-managed, consists of aging infrastructure which had been upgraded in the early 1980s. Today, distribution network experiences frequent ruptures and leakages, resulting in a significant amount of Non-Revenue Water (NRW). Therefore, it is proposed to rehabilitate the intake and treatment plant at Getambe as well as Dunumadalawa, to augment the supply and improve its storage, replace selected connections, pumping mains and distribution lines to reduce NRW. Other nonstructural measures to improve system efficiency would also be introduced.
The city is served by an open canal system and an old brick-lined underground tunnel which had been built over 150 years ago to carry storm water from the city to an open stream. Due to the frequent collapse of the underground drain system which is a threat to the public, the rehabilitation and strengthening of the storm water drainage system would be expedited.
Strategic plan to rapidly develop key areas of the city core was used as the basis of selecting urban upgrading interventions to be implemented using a phased approach. These include Walkability enhancements by reorganizing and improving pedestrian networks, creating public spaces and improving traffic management within the city, around the lake and surrounding hillsides. There are also an opportunities to further enhance and transform the overall urban environment of Kandy city center by reconfiguring larger plots of land and buildings at key areas to create attractive public spaces and facilities anchored by cultural and heritage uses that residents and visitors could enjoy. To complement these investments and guide future interventions, the project will support the development of detailed urban development plans for key areas and an integrated master plan for the city region. Kandy is home to numerous historic buildings and landmarks within the city core (such as the Post Office building and Bogambara prisons) and within the temple and palace grounds. However, the pressures of urbanization are taking their toll, while many of the buildings, especially those within the city, are in a state of deterioration. Selected historic buildings and landmarks could also be restored for adaptive reuse under the project. These buildings would play a key role in improving the quality of the surrounding streets and public spaces. Restoration of these buildings would also form part of the urban development plans for key areas, as well as the integrated master plan for the city region.
Galle is envisaged not only as an anchor for economic development in the region, but also as a livable and vibrant historic waterfront city. This component aims to improve livability by protecting and developing the urban environment of Galle City Region, support priority investments in infrastructure and services, organize city functions to increase investment attractiveness, enhance public urban spaces and achieve significant urban transformation responding to economic growth in the Galle City Region.
Flooding in Galle which is an annual occurrence is mostly due to poor drainage systems. Severe flooding which took place in 2003 and 2010 was caused due to heavy rainfall in the area. Lands which are drained out by slot hampers the natural flow due to its thickness while the drainage system is also polluted and unable to carry the flood water to the sea due to lack of maintenance., and also due to partly debris fallen palm trees, garbage dumping and overgrown weeds. Canal banks at various locations are unprotected, unstable and encroached by illegal settlements. Gabions at many locations are poorly designed, Oversized, unstable. The canal’s cross-sections are generally unfit to properly and reliably convey flood waters. Cross-drains discharging to the main canals and elsewhere in the town are only partly lined and are poorly maintained, generally lacking in capacity to convey the excess rainfall in a proper manner.
The city is served by a system of open canals and an old brick-lined underground tunnel built over 150 years ago to carry storm water from the city to an open stream. The frequent collapsing of the underground drain system is a growing threat to public safety, which requires urgent rehabilitation.
These activities are focused to enhance urban public spaces and also to a form a strong pedestrian connectivity between key destinations by leveraging city assets. Interventions may include rehabilitation of public areas within the Fort, such as its rampart system, bastions and squares. Outside the Fort, coastal pathways would be rehabilitated to provide continuous pedestrian access along the waterfront and improve connectivity to the inner city and Fort entrances.
Jaffna Development Component will support priority investments identified under three development components considered vital for the upgrading of the city after nearly 03 decades of difficulties suffered due to civil conflicts.
These include: Roads and Traffic improvement, Drainage improvement, Urban upgrading and Cultural Heritage. Investments will also include a component for Implementation support & Capacity Building of the Jaffna Municipal Council. This would ensure improved services of the Municipal Council and maintenance of rehabilitated and added municipal assets.More Details
The Anuradhapura Integrated Urban Development Project (AIUDP) had been implemented under the Strategic Cities Development Programme as one of the integrated urban development projects which would be implemented with a Credit Facility from the French Agency for Development (AFD). The principle aim of the Project is to include a balanced growth and co-development between the sacred and the new town of Anuradhapura, which would leverage the cultural heritage of the city with an economic driver. The preliminary sector assessment that was undertaken jointly between the French Agency for Development (AFD) and Strategic Cities Development Programme in 2015 identified, three (03) key objectives that were complementary to Anuradhapura’s important and rich cultural heritage, including the presence of an ancient complex irrigation system, enabling the initial development of the area.